Brand new Car
In India, so many vehicles run on the roads with different engine types, fuel types and even different number plates. Did you know, the different types of number plates carry distinctive meanings depending on the type of vehicle. In India, a number plate or vehicle registration plate is issued by the Regional Transport Office or the RTO of the respective state. Every vehicle needs to attach it to the front and rear portion of the vehicle with clear visibility. The international code for Indian number plates is IND. Let’s take a deeper look at what the different number plates in India mean and how their usage affects them.
The Different types of number plates for Indian vehicles include;
White number plates come with black lettering and are the most common type of vehicle registration plate for vehicles in India. The vehicles with white number plates are personal cars or vehicles used for private purposes. These cannot be used for commercial purposes or transporting goods and passengers. Such number plates get used on vehicles driven by common citizens.
The latest technology has helped bring in the option of eco-friendly vehicles in the form of electric automobiles. These are non-fuel vehicles and have a green number plate. These can be employed for both personal and commercial usage. Such number plates get used on vehicles driven by electric vehicle owners.
The yellow number plates with a black text pattern are used for commercial purposes only. These are vehicles that have permits to transport goods across the country. Such number plates get used on vehicles driven by commercial drivers.
Vehicles with black number plates are generally associated with luxury hotel transport. Moreover, these can also be used as commercial vehicles. Such number plates get used on vehicles driven by rental vehicle drivers.
The red number plate on a vehicle indicates it is a brand new car and represents a temporary vehicle registration plate waiting to get a permanent plate to be issued by the RTO. Though some states do not allow temporary registration vehicles to drive on roads there are temporary vehicles which come with a registration validity of one month. Red coloured number plates with white alpha-numerals that are used on brand-new cars usually stay with the vehicle manufacturer or dealer only.
The number plates with upward-pointing arrows belong to the military vehicle - registered under the Ministry of Defence. The upward-pointing arrows of such types of license plates are known as Broad Arrows which have been used in many parts of the British Commonwealth. This number plate also indicates the year of military vehicle procurement year, base code, serial number and even the class of the vehicle. Such number plates get used on vehicles driven by military officials.
Many temporary registered vehicles come with the emblem of India branded in golden colour. Such number plates get used on vehicles driven by the President of India or the Governors of respective states.
Blue-coloured number plates with white letters apply to vehicles reserved for foreign diplomats. Such number plates have indications such as DC - Diplomatic Corps, CC - Consular Corps or UN - United Nations. Such license plates do not bear any state code but instead come with the country code of the diplomat. Blue-coloured number plates get used on vehicles driven by foreign delegates or ambassadors.
You may have noticed; every vehicle has a number plate consisting of a combination of alphanumeric characters. However, it is not easy to decipher it unless you know the components and their meaning. Let’s take an example to understand better.
Say the vehicle registration number is DL01AB4567. So, the first part of a number plate is the first two letters, which here is 'DL'. It denotes the state or union territory in which the vehicle is registered like DL means Delhi. The next part of a licence plate denotes the state or union territory code which here is 01. It is the RTO code of the place where the vehicle is registered.
To know the RTO codes of different states you can visit the RTO website and verify. The third part of the number plate is a unique code, an alphanumeric code which every vehicle has. The combination can vary. It typically comprises four digits and two alphabets. Like here it is AB4567. A number plate also reflects an IND logo which denotes the international registration code for India. Such a logo is usually found on all High-Security Registration Plates.
To understand what a vehicle number plate is, its meaning and its classification, let’s take a brief look at the main rules and regulations that need to be followed relating to number plates on vehicles in India.
The process of procuring a number plate for a vehicle involves certain steps which need to be followed. When a new vehicle is purchased, the dealer generally takes care of the vehicle registration and number plate procurement process. However, there is an option to register a new vehicle yourself as well. Let’s look at the steps in the process for procurement of vehicle number plate;
Step 1: Visit the RTO with your newly purchased vehicle
Step 2: Make sure to submit all the forms and documents duly filed
Step 3: The RTO official shall then verify all the forms and documents submitted
Step 4: Next make payment of the road tax and the registration fee
Step 5: The vehicle and documents shall be verified by an inspecting officer
Step 6: After successful completion of the inspection, the RTO will issue the registration number as well as give the receipt
Now, we all know that all motorised vehicles running on Indian roads need to have a valid RTO registration and license number plate. We are also clear on the different types of number plates as per the colour. So, now make sure you apply for your vehicle registration number plate with all the knowledge and can also make out any vehicle number plate with ease. Remember, any vehicle running on Indian roads without a number plate shall incur a penalty in terms of a hefty fine.
Let's take a look at some frequent queries on Number Plates in India: Types and Usages;
Alphabets O and I are excluded from the RTO series to avoid confusion as they may look similar to numbers like 0 and 1.
As per rules and regulations of number plates for vehicles, the usage of fancy fonts, stickers, regional language, stickers or art is not allowed. Hence, it is not allowed to customise number plates for any vehicles.
Only High-Security Number Plate – HSRPis mandatory as per the Central Motor Vehicles Rule, 1989 across the country