Every government owes it to its people to make healthcare accessible and cheap for everybody who needs it. And in order to make this feasible, governments introduce a wide range of govt health insurance scheme or government medical insurance scheme, enabling the general public to utilise these resources when they're most needed. To ensure that everyone has access to high-quality healthcare, the Indian government has also introduced a number of health insurance policies with affordable costs and generous benefits.
A health insurance plan sponsored by a state or the federal government is known as a government health insurance scheme. Such govt health insurance schemes attempt to improve healthcare services across social strata and provide affordable health insurance to the average person.
Let's look at the 16 different government health insurance plans that are now offered in India-
Low-income people can receive payments under the Aam Aadmi Bima Yojana in the event of death or incapacity. The programme is intended for individuals who engage in 48 distinct professions, including carpentry, handloom weaving, fishing, cobblers, auto drivers, etc.The plan offers an insured payout of Rs. 30,000 upon natural death and Rs. 75,000 upon accidental death in exchange for an annual premium of Rs. 300. Under this programme, only the breadwinner or head of the household may be insured.
In the state of Kerala, the Awaz Health Insurance Scheme was launched with migrant workers in mind. It provides workers in Kerala with a health insurance plan with a Rs. 15,000 insured benefits. Additionally, it offers a Rs. 2 lakh death benefit in the event that the policyholder passes away. Workers between the ages of 18 and 60 can purchase the coverage, and following proper verification, they will receive an Awaz Health Insurance Card.
An example of a health programme offered by the Central Government of India is the Central Government Health Scheme. Only those working for the Central Government are eligible for this policy. Judges of the Supreme Court and staff of the Central Railway Board are a few examples. The CGHS programme, which has been in place for more than 60 years, pays policyholders' hospitalisation costs. This programme also includes coverage for complementary therapies like ayurveda and homoeopathy.
The Ayushman Bharat Scheme is a health insurance programme created to integrate India's fragmented healthcare industry. Health and Wellness Centers (HWC) and the Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana are its two main parts (PM-JAY).
The Primary Healthcare Centers are designed to be improved versions of the Health and Wellness Centres. A family's total assured under the PMJAY health insurance plan is Rs. 5 lakhs, with a monthly fee of Rs. 30.
The Tamil Nadu state government has promoted this state-run programme for residents who make less than 75,000 rupees per year. This programme allows you to claim medical expenses up to Rs. 5 lakhs, and it includes both government and private facilities. In essence, the government, along with the United India Insurance Company, is offering a family floater plan.
The BSBY scheme is an insurance programme that has been introduced by the Rajasthani government. Through cashless claims, it covers both routine and serious illnesses' hospitalisation bills. This programme covers both inpatient and outpatient expenditures and is available to people of all ages.
Millions of Indians were working in factories after India gained its independence. Numerous accidents and fatalities occur at these factories during this time due to the working environment. In order to give employees financial security in the event of illness, disability, or death, the Employees State Insurance was created in 1952.
For the benefit of the state's needy, the Gujarati government launched the MukhyamantriAmrutam Yojana in 2012. Those who fall below the poverty line and families from lower middle class are eligible for the programme.
This programme essentially offers up to Rs. 3 lakhs in coverage for each family under a family floater health insurance plan. The insured can receive care in trust-run hospitals, government hospitals, and private hospitals.
The Rajasthani government has launched an insurance programme called the BSBY scheme. It pays for both routine and serious illnesses' hospitalised costs through cashless claims. This programme is open to individuals of all ages and covers both inpatient and outpatient costs.
Following India's independence, factories employed millions of Indians. The working conditions at these factories during this time cause numerous accidents and fatalities. Thus, in 1952, the Employees State Insurance was established to provide workers with financial security in the event of illness, disability, or death.
The Telangana government has made this specific programme available for the use of its employees and journalists. Both retired and pensioned government workers and current employees may use the health programme, which is a cashless insurance programme.
After it was shown that just 20% of Indians have accident insurance, this policy was introduced in 2016. Anyone who has a bank account and is between the ages of 18 and 70 is eligible for this policy.
For partial disabilities, this programme offers an assured value of Rs. 1 lakh, and for entire disabilities and accidental death, it offers an assured sum of Rs. 2 lakhs. The annual cost for this plan is 12 rupees, and auto-debiting from a bank account is an option.
The Indian government created this programme to offer families and people living in poverty access to universal healthcare. Its purpose was to provide these people with access to universal healthcare.
The programme covers hospitalisation, accidents, and disability for qualified individuals between the ages of 5 and 70. Using this approach, insurance plans for both individuals and groups can be obtained.
The Indian government established the RashtriyaSwasthyaBima Yojana to guarantee that those employed in the unorganised sector, such as labourers and workers, have access to a quality healthcare programme. The majority of them lack insurance, therefore in the event of hospitalisation, they would be responsible for all costs.The Ministry of Labour and Employment introduced the programme that provides coverage for labourers and their families to assist them in getting quality healthcare.
The West Bengali government announced the programme in 2008 with the intention of offering healthcare to public servants and retirees.
With an insured amount of Rs. 1 lakh, it covers both individuals and their families. OPD and surgeries are covered, however non-emergency and cosmetic procedures are not covered.
In order to provide healthcare to farmers and peasants connected to cooperative societies, the Karnataka government created the Yeshasvini Health Insurance Scheme. This policy covers up to 800 medical treatments, such as orthopaedics, angioplasty, neurology, etc.Policyholders and their families may use network hospitals to access the plan's benefits.
- Schemes offer a big benefit for incredibly modest premiums.
- Assures that those who live in poverty have access to a healthcare system.
- Encourages people in low-income groups to purchase health insurance.
Governments everywhere strive to offer their citizens high-quality healthcare. The government engages in beneficial actions for the welfare of the populace through promoting health insurance, guaranteeing a robust infrastructure, and raising awareness of health-related concerns. The Indian government occasionally takes similar actions. Read to learn more about India's government health insurance programmes. As a result, the government provides those who are below the poverty line with a wide range of health insurance options. They can take advantage of these plans and use them for their health's benefit.
Q1. Anyone is able to purchase government health insurance plans.
Different plans have various requirements for eligibility. You can review the requirements for the plan, including the documentation needed, and then decide.
Not all initiatives for programmes come from the Central Government. State governments also develop specific government health insurance programmes and Mediclaim policies.
Even though some government health plans in India allow for direct bank debit, not all of them can be bought online.
A valid Aadhaar may serve as identification, but in order to participate in the state/national health programme, you must submit the relevant paperwork.
In general, government insurance plans do not cover cosmetic operations. It is important to thoroughly examine the relevant policy wordings to understand the exceptions and benefits of the health insurance plan since different plans may have different exclusions.