We are aware that selecting suitable insurance coverage for your company sounds like a terrible task. Consider the biggest threats to your business and the best courses of action to address them. Other risks may not be as great as your greatest ones, but they are still important, and connected litigation may destroy your company.

As your firm expands, so do your liabilities and exposures. Your market grows, you add more employees, and your revenues rise. These achievements all seem fantastic for your development, but they also come with more responsibilities and hazards.

You will require several insurance coverages depending on the type of business you run and the industry you work in. However, employment-related liabilities are a feature shared by all businesses with employees. Employer's liability, workers' compensation, and employment practises liability insurance are the types of policies that would best cover those obligations.

Here, we'll concentrate on employer liability insurance and workers' compensation. According to statistics, the private sector experienced 2.7 workers' compensation claims for every 100 full-time equivalent (FTE) employees in 2020. Both of these coverages are important for all firms, regardless of size or industry, as employer's responsibility lawsuits occasionally accompany these claims.

What Is Employers Liability Coverage?                           

We should first go through the fundamentals of workers compensation before explaining the employees liability insurance coverage (or workers comp). First, you should be aware that, with the exception of Texas, most firms are required to have workers compensation insurance. Therefore, you must buy this insurance as soon as you hire your first employee.

In the event of a job injury or health issue, workers compensation covers the medical expenses, the cost of rehabilitation, and a portion of the lost wages. No matter how severe the injury, it offers financial relief to both the company and the employee by paying all associated costs. In the tragic event that an employee passed away, the insurance would pay the deceased's family the death benefits.

Now that we know what is covered by workers compensation, let's examine employer liability insurance. When an employee accuses their employer of being negligent and files a lawsuit over a workplace injury, this coverage compensates the legal costs.

For instance, if an employee has an injury while using a power drill and believes that workers compensation hasn't fully covered their costs, they may be able to sue the employer for negligent instrument maintenance. They are actually suing their company for pain and suffering because workers compensation pays for all of the medical expenses and a portion of the lost wages.

Not of whether the employer is at fault or not, they would still be responsible for the claim's handling expenses.


At that point, employer's liability insurance comes in to pay for the associated legal costs, including engaging an attorney to handle the claim on your behalf. Any settlements or damages granted by the court will also be covered if the case proceeds to trial.

Employers Liability Insurance Vs Workers Compensation

What Is the Difference Between Workers Comp and Employers Liability Insurance?


These policies are complimentary in practise while having differing coverages. This relationship can be explained by saying that employers liability insurance takes over where workers' compensation leaves off. Only the various aspects of workplace injury are covered by both policies.

Without blaming the employer for the expenditures associated with the injury, workers compensation pays for them. If an employer is sued for punitive damages, their expenses are covered by their employer's liability insurance.

This means that workers compensation must pay for accident-related expenses, whereas employer responsibility would pay for expenses if the company was somehow at fault for the incident.

Because it covers a wide range of claims, the employer's liability coverage is more comprehensive than the workers compensation coverage. Every time there is a workplace injury, workers compensation is activated, and when an employee sues their employer for carelessness, employer liability is activated.

What Claims Does the Employer’s Liability Insurance Cover?

Employers liability insurance, as we previously noted, protects negligence claims relating to occupational illnesses or injuries. Employees typically decide not to sue their company after receiving compensation for job injuries. However, it isn't always the case.

Direct claims from employees alleging carelessness are one category of claims covered by employer's liability insurance. However, your insurance coverage would also cover the following additional liability claims:

  1. Third-party over action lawsuits:

If an employee hurts himself while using a tool at work, they may choose to sue the maker of the item on the grounds that the tool was made defectively. However, if the manufacturer believes that the accident was actually caused by your subpar maintenance, they can file a lawsuit against your business to recover their losses.

  1. Loss of consortium:

This kind of action is typically brought by a family member of an employee. An employee's spouse or another family member may bring a negligence claim against the company if the employee passes away or has a serious physical injury (such as nerve damage) that prohibits them from working or carrying out their regular responsibilities.

  1. Dual-capacity lawsuits:

An employee may bring an action against a company in both their capacities as an employer and a manufacturer or supplier of the product that injured them.

Resulting (physical) harm Let's say a worker experiences a serious, life-threatening injury, and as a result of a very stressful incident, a member of their immediate family has a heart attack. The relative may file a claim for damages against the business.

The legal defence expenses, any settlements, court awards of damages, or judgements would all be covered by your employer's liability insurance coverage.

How to Buy an Employer’s Liability Insurance Policy?

The combination of an employer's liability insurance policy and workers compensation benefits is the most typical approach to get one. Some insurance companies even refer to it as the Part Two coverage, whereas workers compensation is the Part One. While some insurers give more choice, others sell the two coverages as a fixed package.

There are some things you need to be aware of when purchasing workers compensation for your business. The so-called "monopolistic states" of Ohio, North Dakota, Wyoming, and Washington demand that businesses purchase workers' compensation through state funds. They prohibit the acquisition of coverage from independent insurance providers.

Employer's liability insurance should be purchased by businesses in such states as a stop-gap measure to shield it from litigation of this nature. They fill the hole left by the state fund and their general liability insurance by doing this. In many states, employers' liability insurance is not required, but since lawsuits can be quite expensive, insurers typically advise it to businesses.

How Much Does Employer’s Liability Insurance Cost?

Your workers compensation insurance premium and your claim history both influences how much your employer's liability insurance will cost. Your premium would probably be greater if your company had previously made workers' compensation claims.

Your premium will also be impacted by the risky nature of the task your workers conduct. For instance, a job at a construction site is much riskier than one in a convenience shop or even at an office desk.

Your employer's liability insurance price is influenced by your claim history and workers compensation insurance premium. If your employer had previously filed workers' compensation claims, your premium would likely be higher.

The risky nature of the work that your employees do will also have an effect on your premium. A work at a construction site is significantly riskier than one in a convenience store or even at a desk in an office, for example.


Q1. What is Employers Liability?

Employer's liability is a useful word to put together those legal principles, primarily the law of tort, delict, or contract, relating to the employer's responsibility to his employees. The duty to exercise ordinary care for an employee's safety is most frequently applied narrowly to the responsibility in tort.

Q2. What is Workers Compensation Insurance?

Workers compensation insurance covers an employer's statutory responsibility for accidents that result from or are incurred in the course of an employee's job and result in death, permanent disability, or bodily harm. It permits the employer to make the payments required by the Ministry of Labour & Employment-mandated Workmen Compensation Act of India.

Q3. How is the employer protected by employers liability insurance?

If a worker is not protected by workers' compensation or decides to sue the employer, employers' liability insurance defends the employer. When a business acquires workers' compensation, it also buys employers' liability insurance. The sums paid out for each employee, each injury, and each illness are subject to caps under employers' liability insurance.

Q4. What is covered under workers' compensation insurance?

It is a sort of liability insurance and can be combined with workers' compensation to further shield businesses from the expenses related to accidents, illnesses, and fatalities at the workplace. Additionally, it can pay for the expenses incurred by employee claims alleging sexual harassment, discrimination, or wrongful termination.

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